What do you need to furnish your pond?

Creating a pond is a beautiful job, Creating a pond will not be too much of a problem for most do-it-yourselfers or gardeners. With proper preparation and our instructions found on this page, you can build your own pond step by step without any problems.

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Constructing or landscaping a large pond?

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- 5 tips from Simon for decorating the pond -

1. Don't fill the entire pond with water


Unfortunately, a common mistake: the pond is already filled with water while the pond plants have yet to be placed. This makes it difficult or even impossible to place all the plants in a good, sturdy spot. Simon therefore recommends starting first with a thin layer of pond substrate in an empty pond, after which you only allow a small layer of water into the pond. You can now step through the pond with boots on to place the aquatic plants in place in the substrate. Then top up with substrate. Is everything set and firm? Only then fill the entire pond with water.

2. Use pond substrate


Always provide an 8-inch layer of pond substrate in your pond. The porous granules are an ideal place for bacteria to take up residence and you need them to keep the pond water beautifully clear. In addition, with a layer of substrate, you can give the pond plants a stable base to establish themselves - with or without a pond basket - on the pond floor. This also gives oxygenated plants a chance to continue growing outside the basket in the substrate. And the granules are also very handy for camouflaging the pond baskets so that you don't have to look at the black trays. Count on a maximum of 2 bags of 20 liters per 1 m2.

3. Work from the inside out


When setting up the pond, pay attention for a moment when the pond plants are put down. The substrate is there, now it's the plants' turn. If you have a somewhat larger pond, it is smart to work from the inside out. So you start in the lowest area and work step-by-step towards the outside. You end in the shallowest zone (swamp zone). When placing the aquatic plants, also pay attention to what depth is best for optimal growth. This is indicated on the packaging of our pond plants. Do you like a lot of plants? Then place the baskets or crates against each other.

4. Place sufficient (floating) oxygen plants


Anyone who builds a pond is not waiting for a pond full of algae. The best remedy is to place many oxygen plants immediately upon construction, both perennial and floating. To do this, keep ten loose oxygen plants per m3 or count with a maximum of four oxygen plants in baskets (19x19x10 cm) or 1 crate (60x40x20cm). Early in the season, the top layer of the water will warm up quickly. The oxygen plants growing on the bottom are located in the colder part of the pond. These therefore grow too slowly to block the sun. Only when the oxygen plants have gained volume can they block the sun and prevent the water from heating up too much and algae growth from occurring. This is why it is important to also add floating oxygen plants when you build a pond. You add these plants when the pond is half filled with water. You simply throw the floating oxygen plants into the water. Choose at least 5 floating plants perm3.

5. Don't forget the pond bacteria


There is pond substrate, many pond plants, and the pond is filled with water. Ready? Almost, only one more thing needs to be done. To get the pond started, add pond bacteria to the water. These miniature organisms like to attach themselves to pond substrate and between the roots of pond plants, and help get and keep the water in the pond clear. They work together with the aquatic plants in your pond to prevent algae growth. For a small pond use 2 Clear-Zyme cubes per m3 (1000 liters) of water in blister packs. If you have a larger pond in the garden, Simon recommends the self-developed Bacta Clear. One liter bottle is good for ponds up to 20,000 liters of water.

Van der Velde Water plants step-by-step plan

Step by step pond planting plan

We'll help you get started with a handy step-by-step plan for building a pond with preparations, and we'll give you step-by-step instructions on how best to set up your pond.

pond substrate

Substrate the foundation of the pond

If you want to keep your pond biologically well balanced, the use of pond substrate is half the battle. This bottom layer is namely the foundation of your pond.

What oxygen plants in the pond?

Which oxygen plants in the pond

An oxygen plant that many people initially look for is Glossy Pondweed. Simon made a conscious decision not to grow this species anymore because this plant is not a success in every pond.

/waterlilies-for-the-pond-dwarfwaterlily-Nymphaea-Pygmaea-Helvola

Which water lily in the pond

Choosing the right water lily is actually quite simple. If you have a large pond of more than 1,000 gallons of water then it is best to go for a large water lily.

marsh plants-pond-yellow-lis-Iris-Pseudacoris

Which marsh plants in the pond

Swamp plants, as the name implies, are plants that are in a swamp area. This means that these plants like to have wet roots.

Which water plants in the pond

Which water plants in the pond

You just dug a pond or maybe you already have an existing pond. To create biological balance in the pond, you need aquatic plants. With the right planting plan, nature keeps itself in balance and you have virtually no maintenance on your pond.

plant filter-marsh filter-leafytenfilter

How to make a swamp plant filter pond

A plant filter or swamp filter is a natural filter where plants and bacteria provide water filtration. Some plants are helophytes, i.e. perennials where only the buds survive underwater during the winter.

pond-plants

How best to plant pond plants

What is the best way to plant pond plants? Simon has listed the 5 most important tips for you for optimal growth and flowering of aquatic plants.

pond bacteria

Pond bacteria for a clear pond

Pond bacteria play an important role in ponds, they provide a biological balance. The tiny bacteria ensure that your pond remains clean and clear throughout the year.


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Frequently asked questions about pond landscaping

Setting up a pond is a fun job. We recommend working in steps, starting at the bottom. Is the pond liner laid or is the preformed pond in place? Then follow these steps:

  1. Add 4 cm of pond substrate, stone grains that bacteria attach to.
  2. Run a small layer of water into the pond.
  3. Plant oxygen plants, water lilies, marsh plants and aquatic plants. Each plant has its own desired zone or depth at which it will achieve optimal growth and flowering; pay attention to this when planting. Our packaging indicates the proper depth for the pond plants.
  4. Fill the substrate to about 8 cm and check that you have properly secured the baskets with aquatic plants in them.
  5. Only now fill the pond with water to the desired level.
  6. Finally, add a dose of pond bacteria to quickly get your pond in good balance. You can also leave floating plants in the pond now.

You can read more tips in Simon's pond planting plan.

A pond that manages to keep itself in biological balance does not lack all the necessary planting groups.

  • Oxygen Plants: the main plant group that absorbsCO2 from the water and releases oxygen into the water. They grow below the water surface.
  • Water lilies: they are not only a beautiful addition to your pond, but also very useful. Animals use water lilies for shelter and the large bollards trap heat from the sun to keep the water cooler. This counteracts algae growth.
  • Marsh plants: the shallower marsh zone contains plants that like wet feet. The strong roots of these plants make a significant contribution to the pond by filtering the water.
  • Aquatic plants: these are also water purifiers that should not be missing in the pond. With their root system they free the water of waste products.
  • Floating plants: this addition of plants helps you keep out sun and algae, and in the process they fulfill a beautiful ornamental value of your pond.

A natural pond is large and contains no pond liner. Do you have or want a pond in the garden that stays healthy naturally? Then you're talking about an organic plant pond. Plants that fit well are in the shallower areas pikeweed and yellow lily, and under water you should place a good amount of oxygen plants such as crabbush, waterweed or hornwort. These ensure that the oxygen level in the water remains at the required level. A beautiful water lily is also an asset to your planted pond. Read more about an organic plant pond.

If you want to keep fish in the pond then the deepest point should be at least -80 cm. Deeper is always possible. At this depth the fish can hibernate in peace and descend to the bottom for cooler water in the warm summer months. Read all about keeping fish in the pond.


Get our free e-book.

With these 10 steps from Simon, anyone can build and plant a pond.

Get our free e-book.

With these 10 steps from Simon, anyone can build and plant a pond.

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Do the FREE pond check
  • Customized pond advice
  • Planting advice
  • Troubleshooting